留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

页岩油藏压裂水平井压–闷–采参数优化研究

陈志明 赵鹏飞 曹耐 廖新维 王佳楠 刘辉

陈志明, 赵鹏飞, 曹耐, 廖新维, 王佳楠, 刘辉. 页岩油藏压裂水平井压–闷–采参数优化研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2022, 50(2): 30-37. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2022005
引用本文: 陈志明, 赵鹏飞, 曹耐, 廖新维, 王佳楠, 刘辉. 页岩油藏压裂水平井压–闷–采参数优化研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2022, 50(2): 30-37. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2022005
CHEN Zhiming, ZHAO Pengfei, CAO Nai, LIAO Xinwei, WANG Jianan, LIU Hui. Fracturing Parameters Optimization of Horizontal Wells in Shale Reservoirsduring 'Well Fracturing-Soaking-Producing'[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2022, 50(2): 30-37. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2022005
Citation: CHEN Zhiming, ZHAO Pengfei, CAO Nai, LIAO Xinwei, WANG Jianan, LIU Hui. Fracturing Parameters Optimization of Horizontal Wells in Shale Reservoirsduring "Well Fracturing-Soaking-Producing"[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2022, 50(2): 30-37. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2022005

页岩油藏压裂水平井压–闷–采参数优化研究

doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2022005
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目“基于试井理论和数据驱动的页岩油藏三维裂缝网络参数智能反演”(编号:52074322);北京市自然科学基金项目“页岩储层变导流能力裂缝网络井试井反演理论研究”(编号:3204052)部分研究内容
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈志明(1989—),男,湖北黄冈人,2013年毕业于长江大学石油工程专业,2018年获中国石油大学(北京)油气田开发工程专业博士学位,教授,博士生导师,主要从事非常规油气藏试井动态反演及压裂评价方面的教学和科研工作。E-mail:zhimingchn@cup.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE319

Fracturing Parameters Optimization of Horizontal Wells in Shale Reservoirsduring "Well Fracturing-Soaking-Producing"

  • 摘要: 目前在页岩油藏的多段压裂水平井压–闷–采过程中,缺乏系统完善的水平井压裂参数优化方法,为此,基于动态反演理论,建立了压裂参数优化方法。首先,根据页岩油藏压裂后形成的复杂缝网,采用数值理论和离散裂缝方法,建立了考虑页岩油储层特征和复杂天然裂缝的多段压裂水平井数值模型(EDFM-NM),得到了含离散天然裂缝的油藏压力解及多段压裂水平井的井底压力数值解;然后,应用动态分析方法,建立了包括段间距、闷井时间和井距的优化方法。应用建立的优化方法对长庆页岩油XC井进行实例分析,结果表明,实例井合理段间距为100~125 m,合理闷井时间为25~35 d,合理井距为590~610 m。研究结果为长庆油田页岩油藏压–闷–采参数优化提供了理论基础。

     

  • 图 1  页岩油藏多段压裂水平井物理模型

    Figure 1.  Physical model of horizontal wells undergoing multi-stage fracturing in shale reservoirs

    图 2  全局坐标和裂缝局部坐标

    Figure 2.  Global coordinates and local coordinates of fractures

    图 3  单元连接方式示意图[25]

    Figure 3.  Connection types of elements[25]

    图 4  数学模型的数值结果

    Figure 4.  Numerical results of mathematical model

    图 5  页岩油多段压裂水平井模型可靠性验证

    Figure 5.  Reliability verification of model for horizontal wells undergoing multi-stage fracturing in shale reservoirs

    图 6  页岩油多段压裂水平井压–闷–采全周期参数优化方法

    Figure 6.  Multi-stage fracturing parameter optimization for horizontal wells in shale reservoirs during “well fracturing-soaking- producing”

    图 7  XC井多井模型示意图

    Figure 7.  Multi-well model of Well XC

    图 8  不同段间距下裂缝间的压力分布

    Figure 8.  Pressure distribution in induced fractures with different hydraulic fracture spacing

    图 9  不同段间距下的累计产油量

    Figure 9.  Cumulative oil production with different hydraulic fracture spacing

    图 10  合理闷井时间与缝网区渗透率的关系

    Figure 10.  Relationship between proper soaking time and permeability in fracture network area

    图 11  井距550 m时不同开采时间下的压力分布

    Figure 11.  Pressure distribution at different stage of production with well spacing of 550 m

    图 12  不同井距下的多井数值模型压力分布

    Figure 12.  Pressure distribution of multi-well numerical model with different well spacing

    图 13  不同井距下的年产油量

    Figure 13.  Annual oil production with different well spacing

    表  1  长庆油田长7页岩油XC井基础参数

    Table  1.   Basic model parameters of the Chang 7 shale oil well XC in Changqing Oilfield

    区域参数数值
    缝网区裂缝半长/m60
    裂缝导流能力/(mD·m)30
    渗透率/mD2.0
    导压系数/(cm2·s–10.056 1
    缝网体积比0.05
    基质窜流系数1.0×10–6
    受效区半径/m260
    渗透率/mD0.1
    导压系数/(cm2·s–10.013 7
    未改造区渗透率/mD0.01
    导压系数/(cm2·s–10.000 6
    井筒水平段长/m1 500
    储集系数/(m3·MPa–10.23
    井筒半径/m0.108
    储层有效厚度/m14
    储层中深/m2 100
    体积系数/(m3·m–31.192
    流体黏度/(mPa·s)1.27
    综合压缩系数/MPa–11.042×10–3
    下载: 导出CSV
  • MUSKAT M. The flow of homogeneous fluids through porous[J]. SPE Journal, 1946, 103(1): 219–249.
    翟云芳. 渗流力学[M]. 3版. 北京: 石油工业出版社, 2009: 54-73.

    ZHAI Yunfang. Seepage mechanics[M]. 3rd ed. Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press, 2009: 54-73.
    齐与峰. 砂岩油田注水开发合理井网研究中的几个理论问题[J]. 石油学报,1990,11(4):51–60. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-2697.1990.04.005

    QI Yufeng. Some theoretical considerations on optimal well pattern analysis in a water flooding sandy oil reservoir[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 1990, 11(4): 51–60. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-2697.1990.04.005
    尹建,郭建春,曾凡辉. 水平井分段压裂射孔间距优化方法[J]. 石油钻探技术,2012,40(5):67–71. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2012.05.015

    YIN Jian, GUO Jianchun, ZENG Fanhui. Perforation spacing optimization for staged fracturing of horizontal well[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2012, 40(5): 67–71. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2012.05.015
    蒲春生,陈庆栋,吴飞鹏,等. 致密砂岩油藏水平井分段压裂布缝与参数优化[J]. 石油钻探技术,2014,42(6):73–79.

    PU Chunsheng, CHEN Qingdong, WU Feipeng, et al. Staged fracturing pattern and parameter optimization of horizontal wells in tight sandstone oil reservoir[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2014, 42(6): 73–79.
    蒋廷学,卞晓冰,袁凯,等. 页岩气水平井分段压裂优化设计新方法[J]. 石油钻探技术,2014,42(2):1–6.

    JIANG Tingxue, BIAN Xiaobing, YUAN Kai, et al. A new method in staged fracturing design optimization for shale gas horizontal wells[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2014, 42(2): 1–6.
    刘闯. 水平井水力压裂数值模拟与施工参数优化研究[D]. 合肥: 中国科学技术大学, 2017.

    LIU Chuang. Numerical investigating the hydraulic fracturing of horizontal well and the optimization of stimulation parameters[D]. Hefei: University of Science and Technology of China, 2017.
    王天驹,陈赞,王蕊,等. 致密砂岩油藏体积压裂簇间距优化新方法[J]. 新疆石油地质,2019,40(3):351–356.

    WANG Tianju, CHEN Zan, WANG Rui, et al. A new method for cluster spacing optimization during volumetric fracturing in tight sandstone oil reservoirs[J]. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology, 2019, 40(3): 351–356.
    林旺,范洪富,闫林,等. 致密油藏注水吞吐参数优化模拟:以吉林扶余油层为例[J]. 中国科技论文,2019,14(9):937–942. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-2783.2019.09.001

    LIN Wang, FAN Hongfu, YAN Lin, et al. Optimization of engineering parameters for horizontal huff and puff development of tight reservoir: taking Fuyu oil layer in Jilin as an example[J]. China Sciencepaper, 2019, 14(9): 937–942. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-2783.2019.09.001
    王继坤. 致密砂岩油藏压后关井时间优化模型研究[D]. 北京: 中国地质大学(北京), 2020.

    WANG Jikun. Study on optimization model of shut-in time after fracturing in tight sandstone reservoir[D]. Beijing: China University of Geosciences(Beijing), 2020.
    张矿生,唐梅荣,陈文斌,等. 压裂裂缝间距优化设计[J]. 科学技术与工程,2021,21(4):1367–1374. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-1815.2021.04.017

    ZHANG Kuangsheng, TANG Meirong, CHEN Wenbin, et al. Optimization of fracture spacing for hydraulic fracturing[J]. Science Technology and Engineering, 2021, 21(4): 1367–1374. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-1815.2021.04.017
    付金华,牛小兵,淡卫东,等. 鄂尔多斯盆地中生界延长组长7段页岩油地质特征及勘探开发进展[J]. 中国石油勘探,2019,24(5):601–614. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.007

    FU Jinhua, NIU Xiaobing, DAN Weidong, et al. The geological characteristics and the progress on exploration and development of shale oil in Chang7 Member of Mesozoic Yanchang Formation, Ordos Basin[J]. China Petroleum Exploration, 2019, 24(5): 601–614. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.007
    董姜畅,王爱国,樊志强,等. 鄂尔多斯盆地中部延长组长7段致密储层成因及控制因素[J]. 断块油气田,2021,28(4):446–451.

    DONG Jiangchang,WANG Aiguo,FAN Zhiqiang, et al. Origin and dominated factors of Chang 7 Member tight reservoirs in Yanchang formation, central Ordos Basin[J]. Fault-Block Oil & Gas Field, 2021, 28(4): 446–451.
    杨华,梁晓伟,牛小兵,等. 陆相致密油形成地质条件及富集主控因素:以鄂尔多斯盆地三叠系延长组7段为例[J]. 石油勘探与开发,2017,44(1):12–20.

    YANG Hua, LIANG Xiaowei, NIU Xiaobing, et al. Geological conditions for continental tight oil formation and the main controlling factors for the enrichment: A case of Chang 7 Member, Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos Basin, NW China[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2017, 44(1): 12–20.
    付金华,喻建,徐黎明,等. 鄂尔多斯盆地致密油勘探开发新进展及规模富集可开发主控因素[J]. 中国石油勘探,2015,20(5):9–19. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2015.05.002

    FU Jinhua, YU Jian, XU Liming, et al. New progress in exploration and development of tight oil in Ordos Basin and main controlling factors of large-scale enrichment and exploitable capacity[J]. China Petroleum Exploration, 2015, 20(5): 9–19. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2015.05.002
    赵国翔,姚约东,王链,等. 页岩油藏微尺度流动特征及应力敏感性分析[J]. 断块油气田,2021,28(2):247–252.

    ZHAO Guoxiang, YAO Yuedong, WANG Lian, et al. Microscale transport behaviors of shale oil and stress sensitivity analysis[J]. Fault-Block Oil & Gas Field, 2021, 28(2): 247–252.
    雷浩,何建华,胡振国. 潜江凹陷页岩油藏渗流特征物理模拟及影响因素分析[J]. 特种油气藏,2019,26(3):94–98. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2019.03.017

    LEI Hao, HE Jianhua, HU Zhenguo. Physical simulation and influencing factor analysis of the flow characteristics in the shale oil reservoir of Qianjiang Depression[J]. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 2019, 26(3): 94–98. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2019.03.017
    王秀影,吴通,蔡军,等. 饶阳凹陷页岩油储层应力敏感规律[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2020,37(2):185–191. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2020.02.009

    WANG Xiuying, WU Tong, CAI Jun, et al. Patterns of stress sensitivity of the shale oil reservoirs in Raoyang Depression[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid, 2020, 37(2): 185–191. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2020.02.009
    慕立俊,吴顺林,徐创朝,等. 基于缝网扩展模拟的致密储层体积压裂水平井产能贡献分析[J]. 特种油气藏,2021,28(2):126–132. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2021.02.019

    MU Lijun, WU Shunlin, XU Chuangchao, et al. Analysis on contribution to productivity of SRV-fractured horizontal wells in tight reservoirs based on simulation of fracture network propagation[J]. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 2021, 28(2): 126–132. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2021.02.019
    赵振峰,李楷,赵鹏云,等. 鄂尔多斯盆地页岩油体积压裂技术实践与发展建议[J]. 石油钻探技术,2021,49(4):85–91. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021075

    ZHAO Zhenfeng, LI Kai, ZHAO Pengyun, et al. Practice and development suggestions for volumetric fracturing technology for shale oil in the Ordos Basin[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2021, 49(4): 85–91. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021075
    管保山,刘玉婷,梁利,等. 页岩油储层改造和高效开发技术[J]. 石油钻采工艺,2019,41(2):212–223.

    GUAN Baoshan, LIU Yuting, LIANG Li, et al. Shale oil reservoir reconstruction and efficient development technology[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2019, 41(2): 212–223.
    闫林,陈福利,王志平,等. 我国页岩油有效开发面临的挑战及关键技术研究[J]. 石油钻探技术,2020,48(3):63–69. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020058

    YAN Lin, CHEN Fuli, WANG Zhiping, et al. Challenges and technical countermeasures for effective development of shale oil in China[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(3): 63–69. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020058
    王磊,盛志民,赵忠祥,等. 吉木萨尔页岩油水平井大段多簇压裂技术[J]. 石油钻探技术,2021,49(4):106–111. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021091

    WANG Lei, SHENG Zhimin, ZHAO Zhongxiang, et al. Large-section and multi-cluster fracturing technology for horizontal wells in the Jimsar shale oil reservoir[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2021, 49(4): 106–111. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021091
    沈产量,张景皓,张璐,等. 基于离散裂缝方法的多段压裂水平井数值试井模型[J]. 油气井测试,2021,30(1):1–8.

    SHEN Chanliang, ZHANG Jinghao, ZHANG Lu, et al. Numerical well test model of multi-stage fractured horizontal well based on discrete fracture method[J]. Well Testing, 2021, 30(1): 1–8.
    LIU Hui, LIAO Xinwei, TANG Xuefeng, et al. A well test model based on embedded discrete-fracture method for pressure-transient analysis of fractured wells with complex fracture networks[J]. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2021, 196: 108042. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2020.108042
    LIE K A. An introduction to reservoir simulation using MATLAB/GNU octave: user guide for the MATLAB Reservoir Simulation Toolbox (MRST)[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019: 19–110.
  • 加载中
图(13) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  314
  • HTML全文浏览量:  126
  • PDF下载量:  83
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-29
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-11
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-06

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回