留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于拟牛顿法的随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器响应实时反演与现场试验

杨震 于其蛟 马清明

杨震, 于其蛟, 马清明. 基于拟牛顿法的随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器响应实时反演与现场试验[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2020, 48(3): 120-126. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020025
引用本文: 杨震, 于其蛟, 马清明. 基于拟牛顿法的随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器响应实时反演与现场试验[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2020, 48(3): 120-126. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020025
YANG Zhen, YU Qijiao, MA Qingming. Real Time Inversion and Field Test of LWD Azimuthal Electromagnetic Waves Based on Quasi-Newton Method[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(3): 120-126. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020025
Citation: YANG Zhen, YU Qijiao, MA Qingming. Real Time Inversion and Field Test of LWD Azimuthal Electromagnetic Waves Based on Quasi-Newton Method[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(3): 120-126. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020025

基于拟牛顿法的随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器响应实时反演与现场试验

doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020025
基金项目: 国家科技重大专项“低渗透油气藏高效开发钻完井技术”之课题“低渗透油气深层高温高压随钻测控技术”(编号:2016ZX05021-001)和国家重点研发计划项目“深海关键技术与装备”(编号:2016YFC0302802)联合资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨震(1982—),男,山东莱芜人,2004年毕业于石油大学(华东)勘查技术与工程专业,2009年获中国石油大学(华东)地质资源与地质工程专业博士学位,高级工程师,主要从事随钻电测井方法及仪器设计研究。E-mail:stingsyzh@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P631.8+13

Real Time Inversion and Field Test of LWD Azimuthal Electromagnetic Waves Based on Quasi-Newton Method

  • 摘要:

    为了利用随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器的测量数据确定地层界面方位和距离,给地质导向提供决策依据,须采用准确可靠的反演方法。针对随钻方位电磁波电阻率仪器,建立了地质导向应用模型并模拟了其响应特征,研究了拟牛顿反演算法和流程,反演过程中只需要较小的计算量就可以得到Jacobian矩阵,大大提高了反演速度;并利用单界面和双界面地层的反演理论模型,验证了该算法的正确性和准确度。在胜利油田草XX井的现场试验结果表明,实时反演结果与方位电磁波电阻率成像显示及后期完井录井结果一致。该反演方法能满足利用方位电磁波电阻率进行地质导向的要求,为方位电磁波电阻率实时地质导向提供了一种高效、准确的计算方法。

     

  • 图 1  AMR仪器结构示意

    Figure 1.  Structure sketch of AMR instrument

    图 2  层状地层模型示意

    Figure 2.  Schematic map of layered strata

    图 3  随钻电磁波电阻率响应模拟

    Figure 3.  Simulation of LWD electromagnetic wave resistivity response

    图 4  随钻方位电磁波响应模拟

    Figure 4.  Simulation of LWD azimuthal electromagnetic wave response

    图 5  拟牛顿反演算法流程

    Figure 5.  Algorithm flow of quasi-Newton inversion

    图 6  双界面反演结果示意

    Figure 6.  Inversion results of double interfaces model

    图 7  草XX井随钻伽马、电阻率及方位电磁波响应曲线

    Figure 7.  LWD Gamma, Resistivity and azimuthal electromagnetic wave response curves in Well Cao-XX

    图 8  草XX井界面距离实时反演示意

    Figure 8.  Schematic map of the interface distance real time inversion in Well Cao-XX

    表  1  单界面反演结果

    Table  1.   Inversion results of single interface model

    反演
    方法
    上地层反演
    电阻率/(Ω·m)
    下地层反演
    电阻率/(Ω·m)
    界面距离/
    m
    迭代
    次数
    牛顿法1.0510.120.4312
    拟牛顿法1.0310.080.41 6
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 高永德,陈鸣,蔡建荣,等. 基于地层边界探测的主动型地质导向技术在南海西部复杂油层中的应用[J]. 中国海上油气, 2014, 26(5): 63–69.

    GAO Yongde, CHEN Ming, CAI Jianrong, et al. An application of the active geosteering technique based on stratigraphic-boundary detection in complex reservoirs in the western South China Sea[J]. China Offshore Oil and Gas, 2014, 26(5): 63–69.
    [2] WANG Hanming, BARBER T, MORRISS C, et al. Triaxial induction logging: theory, modeling, inversion and interpretation[R]. SPE 103897, 2006.
    [3] FANG Sheng, MERCHANT G A, HART E, et al. Determination of structural dip and azimuthal from LWD azimuthal propagation resistivity measurements in anisotropic formations[R]. SPE 116123, 2008.
    [4] RABINOVICH M, LE Fei, LOFTS J, et al. Deep? How deep and what? The vagaries and myths of “look around” deep-resistivity measurements while drilling[R]. SPWLA-2011-NNN, 2011.
    [5] BITTAR M S, KLEIN J D, RANDY B, et al. A new azimuthal deep-reading resistivity tool for geosteering and advanced formation evaluation[J]. SPE Reservoir evaluation &engineering, 2009, 12(2): 270–279.
    [6] 朱庚雪, 刘得军, 张颖颖, 等. 基于hp-FEM的随钻电磁波测井仪器响应正演分析[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2015, 43(2): 63–70.

    ZHU Gengxue, LIU Dejun, ZHANG Yingying, et al. Forward modeling of responses of an ELWD tool based on hp-FEM[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2015, 43(2): 63–70.
    [7] PARDO D, TORRES-VERDIN C. Fast 1D inversion of logging-while-drilling resistivity measurements for improved estimation of formation resistivity in high-angle and horizontal wells[J]. Geophysics, 2015, 80(2): E111–E124. doi: 10.1190/geo2014-0211.1
    [8] 冯进,倪小威,杨清,等. 基于混合模拟退火算法的阵列侧向测井实时反演研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2019, 47(5): 121–126.

    FENG Jin, NI Xiaowei, YANG Qing, et al. Research on array lateral logging real-time inversions based on hybrid simulated annealing algorithms[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2019, 47(5): 121–126.
    [9] LI Qiming, OMERAGIC D, CHOU L, et al. New directional electromagnetic tool for proactive geosteering and accurate formation evaluation while drilling[R]. SPWLA-2005-UU, 2005.
    [10] OMERAGIC D, LI Qiming, CHOU L, et al. Deep directional electromagnetic measurement for optimal placement[R]. SPE 97045, 2005.
    [11] CHEMALI R E, CAIRNS P G, WANG T, et al. Method for signal enhancement in azimuthal propagation resistivity while drilling: US7375530B2[P]. 2008-05-20.
    [12] WANG T, CHEMALI R E. Method of generating a deep resistivity image in LWD measurement: US7483793B2[P]. 2009-01-27.
    [13] KENNEDY W D, CORLEY B, PAINCHAUD S, et al. Geosteering using deep resistivity image from azimuthal and multiple propagation resistivity[R]. SPWLA-2009-64467, 2009.
    [14] SEIFERT D, CHEMALI R, BITTAR M, et al. The link between resistivity contrast and successful geosteering[R]. SPWLA-2011-VVV, 2011.
    [15] 杨震,杨锦舟,韩来聚. 随钻方位电磁波电阻率成像模拟及应用[J]. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 2013, 43(6): 2035–2043.

    YANG Zhen, YANG Jinzhou, HAN Laiju. Numerical simulation and application of azimuthal propagation resistivity imaging while drilling[J]. Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition), 2013, 43(6): 2035–2043.
    [16] 杨震,杨锦舟,韩来聚. 随钻方位电磁波仪器补偿测量方法研究[J]. 中国石油大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 39(3): 62–69.

    YANG Zhen, YANG Jinzhou, HAN Laiju. Research on azimuthal electromagnetic tool while drilling measuring method of compensation[J]. Journal of China University of Petroleum (Edition of Natural Science), 2015, 39(3): 62–69.
    [17] ZHANG Zhiyi, GONGUET C, RAJAN V, et al. Directional LWD resistivity tools and their business impacts[R]. SPWLA -2008-FFFF. 2008.
    [18] 肖加奇,张庚骥. 水平井和大斜度井中的感应测井响应计算[J]. 地球物理学报, 1995, 38(3): 396–404.

    XIAO Jiaqi, ZHANG Gengji. Computation of induction logging response in horizontal and highly-deviated wells[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 1995, 38(3): 396–404.
    [19] 张辉,李桐林,董瑞霞,等. 利用高斯求积和连分式展开计算电磁张量格林函数积分[J]. 地球物理学进展, 2005, 20(3): 667–670.

    ZHANG Hui, LI Tonglin, DONG Ruixia, et al. Computation of Green’s tensor integrals for electromagnetic problem using Gaussian quadrature and continued fraction[J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2005, 20(3): 667–670.
    [20] 孙向阳,聂在平,赵延文,等. 用矢量有限元方法模拟随钻测井仪在倾斜各向异性地层中的电磁响应[J]. 地球物理学报, 2008, 51(5): 1600–1607.

    SUN Xiangyang, NIE Zaiping, ZHAO Yanwen, et al. The electromagnetic modeling of logging-while-drilling tool in tilted anisotropic formations using vector finite element method[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2008, 51(5): 1600–1607.
    [21] 王昌学,周灿灿,储昭坦,等. 电性各向异性地层频率域电磁响应模拟[J]. 地球物理学报, 2006, 49(6): 1873–1883.

    WANG Changxue, ZHOU Cancan, CHU Zhaotan, et al. Modeling of electromagnetic responses in frequency domain to electrical anisotropic formations[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2006, 49(6): 1873–1883.
    [22] 肖加奇,张国艳,洪德成,等. 层状各向异性地层中三维感应测井响应快速计算及资料处理[J]. 地球物理学报, 2013, 56(2): 696–706.

    XIAO Jiaqi, ZHANG Guoyan, HONG Decheng, et al. Fast forward modeling and data processing of 3D induction logging tool in layered anisotropic formation[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2013, 56(2): 696–706.
    [23] SEIFERT D, CHEMALI R, BITTAR M. The link between resistivity contrast and successful geosteering[R]. SPWLA -2011-VV, 2011.
    [24] 李勇华,杨锦舟,杨震,等. 随钻电阻率地层边界响应特征分析及应用[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2016, 44(6): 111–116.

    LI Yonghua, YANG Jinzhou, YANG Zhen, et al. The analysis and application of formation interface response characteristics of the resistivity LWD tool[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2016, 44(6): 111–116.
    [25] 冯进,张中庆,罗虎. 随钻电磁波电阻率和电缆电阻率测井联合反演及应用[J]. 测井技术, 2015, 39(1): 21–26.

    FENG Jin, ZHANG Zhongqing, LUO Hu. Joint inversion of electromagnetic logging while drilling and wire line resistivity logging and its application l[J]. Well Logging Technology, 2015, 39(1): 21–26.
    [26] 杨震,文艺,肖红兵. 随钻方位电磁波仪器探测电阻率各向异性新方法[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2016, 44(3): 115–120.

    YANG Zhen, WEN Yi, XIAO Hongbing. A new method of detecting while drilling resistivity anisotropy with azimuthal electromagnetic wave tools[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2016, 44(3): 115–120.
    [27] 杨锦舟. 随钻方位电磁波仪器界面预测影响因素分析[J]. 测井技术, 2014, 38(1): 39–45,50.

    YANG Jinzhou. Analysis on the affecting factors of prediction interface with azimuthal LWD electromagnetic tool[J]. Well Logging Technology, 2014, 38(1): 39–45,50.
    [28] MARTINEZ J M. Practical quasi-Newton method for solving nonlinear systems[J]. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 2000, 124(1/2): 97–121.
  • 加载中
图(8) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  868
  • HTML全文浏览量:  512
  • PDF下载量:  60
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-01-31
  • 修回日期:  2020-04-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-04-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回