留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头设计及在哈山101井的应用

张进双 张增宝 王学才

张进双, 张增宝, 王学才. 刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头设计及在哈山101井的应用[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2019, 47(5): 57-61. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019083
引用本文: 张进双, 张增宝, 王学才. 刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头设计及在哈山101井的应用[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2019, 47(5): 57-61. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019083
ZHANG Jinshuang, ZHANG Zengbao, WANG Xuecai. The Design of Blade Type Diamond-Impregnated Bit and It’s Application in Well Hashan 101[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2019, 47(5): 57-61. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019083
Citation: ZHANG Jinshuang, ZHANG Zengbao, WANG Xuecai. The Design of Blade Type Diamond-Impregnated Bit and It’s Application in Well Hashan 101[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2019, 47(5): 57-61. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019083

刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头设计及在哈山101井的应用

doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019083
基金项目: 国家科技重大专项“大型油气田及煤层气开发”之课题“海相碳酸盐岩超深油气井关键工程技术”(编号:2017ZX05005-005)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张进双(1973—),男,河北唐山人,1996年毕业于西北工业大学机械电子专业,2003年获石油大学(北京)油气井工程专业博士学位,高级工程师,主要从事超深井钻井技术研究、风险探井工程设计和现场技术服务工作。E-mail:zhangjs.sripe@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE921+.1

The Design of Blade Type Diamond-Impregnated Bit and It’s Application in Well Hashan 101

  • 摘要:

    为提高准噶尔盆地哈山区块火山岩地层机械钻速、增大单只钻头进尺、降低井眼失稳掉块卡钻风险,设计了刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头。在分析地层岩石的力学特性的基础上,研发了新型胎体合金材料,以提高钻头研磨性;镶嵌孕镶切削块,以增强钻头破岩能力;优化设计了刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头的结构和防卡流道,防止钻头卡死。研究发现,超细合金材料相互联结成键、牢固烧结,钻头胎体力学性能提高30%以上。刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头配合高速大扭矩螺杆钻具在哈山101井火山岩地层进行了应用,单只钻头进尺增大4倍,机械钻速提高54.3%。研究结果表明,刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头可以降低掉块卡钻风险,可实现火山岩地层安全高效钻进。

     

  • 图 1  哈山101井火山岩地层牙轮钻头出井形貌

    Figure 1.  POOH morphology of roller bit after drilling in the volcanic rock formation of Well Hashan101

    图 2  哈山101井稠浆携岩返出掉块

    Figure 2.  Caving returns carried out by viscous mud of Well Hashan101

    图 3  刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头改进前后的结构对比

    Figure 3.  Structural comparison of the blade-type impregnated diamond drill bit before and after improvement

    图 4  金刚石钻头晶体形貌和胎体粉末扫描电镜图

    Figure 4.  Crystal morphology of diamond bit and scanning electron micrograph of matrix powder

    表  1  哈山区块岩石力学试验结果

    Table  1.   Test results of the mechanical performance of coring rock in Hashan Block

    样品编号围压/
    MPa
    温度/
    饱和
    状态
    抗压强度/
    MPa
    杨氏模量/
    GPa
    hs101-3326-sp0020干燥163.5827.89
    hs101-3326-sp45020干燥158.4426.98
    hs101-3326-cz1020干燥175.6528.97
    hs101-3937-cz1020干燥288.7959.72
    hs101-3326-cz230 20干燥408.8146.54
    hs101-3326-cz360 20干燥530.6055.48
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  哈山区块部分完钻井的钻井技术指标

    Table  2.   Drilling technical indicators of some drilled wells in the Hashan Block

    井号井深/m火山岩厚度/m钻井周期/d机械钻速/(m·h–1钻头总量/只牙轮钻头用量/只
    哈山1井2 554.002 008.00105.41.862920
    哈山3井4 139.803 532.80412.31.246252
    哈深2井5 238.265 148.30823.80.73162 142
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  刀翼式孕镶金刚石钻头应用技术数据

    Table  3.   Technical data of blade-type impregnated diamond bit

    序号钻进井段/
    m
    进尺/
    m
    钻速/
    (m·h–1
    排量/
    (L·s–1
    转盘转速/
    (r·min–1
    螺杆转速/
    (r·min–1
    泵压/
    MPa
    钻压/
    kN
    备注
    13 539.50~3 592.0052.500.543030~5050022.060~70螺杆到寿命后起钻
    23 592.00~3 639.8947.890.443030~5050022.570~80泵压升高后起钻
    33 814.10~3 848.5234.420.423030~5050023.080~100钻速变慢后起钻
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 张奎华,林会喜,张关龙,等. 哈山构造带火山岩储层发育特征及控制因素[J]. 中国石油大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 39(2): 16–22. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2015.02.003

    ZHANG Kuihua, LIN Huixi, ZHANG Guanlong, et al. Characteristics and controlling factors of volcanic reservoirs of Hala’alate mountains tectonic belt[J]. Journal of China University of Petroleum(Edition of Natural Science), 2015, 39(2): 16–22. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2015.02.003
    [2] 王贵新. 准噶尔盆地哈山山前构造带钻井分析[J]. 石化技术, 2017(3): 128. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-0235.2017.03.105

    WANG Guixin. Analysis of drilling in Hassan piedmont tectonic belt of Zhungeer Basin[J]. Petrochemical Industry Technology, 2017(3): 128. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-0235.2017.03.105
    [3] 张学光. 哈山3井石炭系钻井提速探索与实践[J]. 内蒙古石油化工, 2013, 39(20): 38–40.

    ZHANG Xueguang. The exploration and practice of carboniferous ROP enhancement in Hassan 3 Well[J]. Inner Mongolia Petrochemical Industry, 2013, 39(20): 38–40.
    [4] 梁奇敏,何俊才,张弘,等. 钻井提速工具经济性预测评价方法[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2017, 45(3): 57–61.

    LIANG Qimin, HE Juncai, ZHANG Hong, et al. Assessment of the economic performance of ROP enhancement tools[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2017, 45(3): 57–61.
    [5] 王滨,李军,邹德永,等. 适合强研磨性硬地层PDC–金刚石孕镶块混合钻头设计与应用[J]. 特种油气藏, 2018, 25(1): 169–174. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2018.01.035

    WANG Bin, LI Jun, ZOU Deyong, et al. Design and application of a PDC hybrid drill bit with impregnated diamond insert for the hard formation with strong abrasivity[J]. Special Oil and Gas Reservoirs, 2018, 25(1): 169–174. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2018.01.035
    [6] 马凤清. 哈山3井火成岩地层快速钻井技术[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2014, 42(2): 112–116.

    MA Fengqing. Fast drilling technique through igneous rocks in Well Hashan 3[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2014, 42(2): 112–116.
    [7] 罗治奇. 火山岩地层钻进金刚石钻头寿命与效率的探讨[J]. 探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程), 2011, 38(2): 63–66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2011.02.019

    LUO Zhiqi. Discussion on service life and efficiency of diamond bit drilling in volcanic strata[J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2011, 38(2): 63–66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2011.02.019
    [8] 蔡家品,贾美玲,史强. 元坝地区新型金刚石钻头的研究与应用[J]. 探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程), 2010, 37(11): 70–72. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2010.11.021

    CAI Jiapin, JIA Meiling, SHI Qiang. Research and application of new type of diamond bit in Yuanba Area[J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2010, 37(11): 70–72. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2010.11.021
    [9] 赵尔信,蔡家品,贾美玲,等. 浅谈国内外金刚石钻头的发展趋势:高效、低耗[J]. 探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程), 2010, 37(10): 70–73, 81. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2010.10.016

    ZHAO Erxin, CAI Jiapin, JIA Meiling, et al. Discussion on development trend of diamond bit both in China and abroad[J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2010, 37(10): 70–73, 81. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7428.2010.10.016
    [10] 牛洪波,冯光通,赵洪山,等. 哈山101 井火成岩地层空气锤钻井技术[J]. 石油钻采工艺, 2018, 40(2): 164–168.

    NIU Hongbo, FENG Guangtong, ZHAO Hongshan, et al. Application of air hammer drilling technology in the igneous strata of Well Hashan 101[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2018, 40(2): 164–168.
  • 加载中
图(4) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1129
  • HTML全文浏览量:  831
  • PDF下载量:  62
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-10-23
  • 修回日期:  2019-06-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-07-27

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回