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冲击作用下岩石裂纹长度预测模型及数值模拟研究

邓勇 陈勉 金衍 卢运虎 邹代武

邓勇, 陈勉, 金衍, 卢运虎, 邹代武. 冲击作用下岩石裂纹长度预测模型及数值模拟研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2016, 44(4): 41-46. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201604008
引用本文: 邓勇, 陈勉, 金衍, 卢运虎, 邹代武. 冲击作用下岩石裂纹长度预测模型及数值模拟研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2016, 44(4): 41-46. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201604008
DENG Yong, CHEN Mian, JIN Yan, LU Yunhu, ZOU Daiwu. Prediction Model and Numerical Simulation for Rock Fissure Length under Impact Load[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2016, 44(4): 41-46. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201604008
Citation: DENG Yong, CHEN Mian, JIN Yan, LU Yunhu, ZOU Daiwu. Prediction Model and Numerical Simulation for Rock Fissure Length under Impact Load[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2016, 44(4): 41-46. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201604008

冲击作用下岩石裂纹长度预测模型及数值模拟研究

doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201604008
基金项目: 

国家杰出青年科学“石油工程岩石力学”(编号:51325402)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓勇(1988-),男,湖北咸宁人,2012年毕业于长江大学石油工程专业,油气井工程专业在读博士研究生,主要从事石油工程岩石力学方面的研究。E-maildengyong2012@yeah.net。

    通讯作者:

    陈勉,chenmiancup@163.com。系本刊审稿专家。

  • 中图分类号: TE21

Prediction Model and Numerical Simulation for Rock Fissure Length under Impact Load

  • 摘要: 为研究动载侵入岩石过程中的裂纹演化规律和预测裂纹长度,根据牛顿第二定律及波动理论,建立了岩石在冲击过程中的最大冲击力与冲击速度间的数学模型,结合岩石在静载作用下的载荷与裂纹长度间的关系,建立了岩石在冲击载荷作用下形成裂纹的长度预测模型,并利用离散元数值模拟方法研究了岩石动态破碎过程中裂纹的形成与扩展特征以及冲击速度对裂纹长度的影响规律。分析研究发现,岩石在冲击力作用下形成的裂纹以张性裂纹为主,且径向裂纹向着岩石自由表面扩展,侧向裂纹从损伤区萌生并向岩石内部逐渐扩展;径向裂纹长度和侧向裂纹长度均与冲击速度呈幂函数关系,数值模拟结果与理论模型结果基本吻合;冲击速度由15 m/s增大至35 m/s,岩石的破碎范围和破碎深度逐渐增大,形成的径向裂纹长度从3.47 mm增大到9.03 mm,侧向裂纹长度从7.29 mm增大到14.58 mm。研究结果为研究岩石的动载侵入断裂和动态破碎机理提供了理论依据。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-15
  • 刊出日期:  1900-01-01

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